2.Malamuth (1978)

The experiment: male subjects were divided into 3 groups

  • Group One: read aggressive pornography depicting a rape

  • Group Two: read non-aggressive pornography depicting consensual sex

  • Group Three: read neutral National Geographic articles

Afterwards, all subjects were insulted by a female assistant and then allowed to ‘retaliate’ against her with electric shocks.

However, half of the group was told they could be as aggressive as they wished (disinhibited group); the other half were given a message to make them reluctant to use aggression (inhibited group).


  • Inhibited group members were most reluctant to retaliate.

  • In the disinhibited group, the most shocks were given by those exposed to the aggressive pornography.

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