11. Violato et al (2002)

In a meta-analysis (a statistical integration of all existing scientific data), researchers have found that using pornographic materials leads to several behavioral and social problems.

One of the most common psychological problems is a deviant attitude towards intimate relationships such as perceptions of sexual dominance, submissiveness, sex role stereotyping or viewing persons as sexual objects. Behavioral problems include fetishes and excessive or ritualistic masturbation. Sexual aggressiveness, sexually hostile and violent behaviors are social problems as well as individual problems that are linked to pornography.

"There has been some debate among researchers about the degree of negative

consequences of habitual use of pornography, but we feel confident in our findings that pornography is harmful," researcher Dr Claudio Violato noted. "Our study involved more than 12,000 participants and very rigorous analyses. I can think of no beneficial effects of pornography whatsoever. "

The authors of the study concluded that exposure to pornography puts viewers at increased risk of developing sexually deviant tendencies, committing sexual offences, experiencing difficulties in intimate relationships, and accepting the rape myth.   The study was published in the scientific journal Mind, Medicine and Adolescence in 2002.

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